Turin is the city in the south of mountain Alps. It is the last stop before I went back to France. Due to its proximity to the mountain, I could immediately feel the icy chill eating into my bone after I alighted at the Porta Nuova station. When I looked over the Alps mountain, I could perceive the bright morning sun light splattering on the leafs and feel the more fierce coldness from the mountain.
Turin is not a big city. Most of the attractions are in the north of the train station. This is the entrance of the museum of of the Italian Risorgimento. Risorgimento means the political and social movement that consolidates different states of the Italian peninsula into the single unified state in the 19th century. The museum actually is one part of the Palazzo Carignano from 1878. This is the picture of its façade.
This is the rear façade of the Palazzo Carignano. It used to be a private residence of the Princes of Carignano. This is a Baroque style building. From 1848 to 1861 the palace was used as the House of Deputies of the Subalpine Parliament.
This is the Egyptian museum which is close to the Palazzo Carignano. I don’t know why Turin exhibits the Egypt culture. It collects more than 30,000 ancient Egyptian antiquities, like the famous Bembine Tablet, books of the dead, and Papyrus Map. If you are a fan of ancient Egypte, this will be a superb place.
The most famous palaces in Turin are located at Piazza Castello. This is the façade of the Palazzo Madama. There is a scuplture representing the Sardinian troops, erected by Milanese exiles during the triumphant visit to Milan of Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph, 15 January 1857. It was the first Senate of the Italian Kingdom.
This is the rear part connecting to the palace.
On the square, there is another palace, the Palazzo Reale di Torino, which entrance looks very common, not like a royal palace. It is a historic palace of the House of Savoy , a royal dynasty that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. The House of Savoy-Carignano led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946. In 1946, the building became the property of the state and was transformed into a museum. In 1997, it was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This is the staircase connecting the entrance and the Hall of the Swiss guard. There are always many reliefs on the wall in the palace of Italy.
This is the place of transit and reception. The hall rise up two floors and is dominated by a monumental fireplace in polychrome marble and a large painting of the Battle Saint-Quentin by Palma the Younger to celebrate the victory of Emmanuel Philibert. The Battle of Saint-Quentin of 1557 was between the Kingdom of France and the Habsburg empire at Saint-Quentin in Picardy. A Habsburg Spanish force under Duke Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy defeated a French army under the command of Duke Louis Gonzaga and Duke Anne de Montmorency. In the 17th centuary, the room was known as the Hall of Saxon Glory.
这是客人中转和接待的地方，瑞士卫队大厅。大厅足足有两层楼高，占据大厅主位的是一个彩色大理石的壁炉和一幅为庆祝Emmanuel Philibert的胜利而创作的圣昆廷战役的巨画。1557年的圣昆廷之战是法兰西王国和哈布斯堡帝国在皮卡迪的战役。哈布斯堡王朝的西班牙军队在萨瓦的Emmanuel Philibert公爵领导下击败了Louis Gonzaga公爵和Anne de Montmorency公爵指挥的法国军队。在17世纪，这个房间被称为撒克逊人荣耀的大厅。
Next is the chamber of the cuirassiers. It is called chamber of dignities but in the 17th century, the decoration is destroyed in a fire then the antechamber is named from the military order in charge of the its security, the cuirassier.
This is the most beautiful gallery in the palace. The scupltures of cavalry were standing orderly in two columns. There are many weapons of medieval times like spears, sabers, pistols, panoply of cavalry displayed in the glass-fronted board. We could learn some histories about the battles of medieval at that time.
This is the other gallery , Daniel Gallery designed by architect Carlo Emanuele Lanfranchi. The decoration here looks like the palace of Versaille with glittering crystal chandeliers and magnificant frescos on the dome.
There are many rooms in the palace. This is the most important room the throne room. It became the room of king from 1831. The color theme in the room is depressing due to the influence of gilded ceiling, red canvas, and the dark light. I don’t like it at all. It is like the scene of The masque of the red death by Edgar Allan Poe.
This room has the red color as well, quite monotonous. It was used to hold the wedding before but after some renovation work, it became the private audience room of the king.
This is the splendid ballroom. The function was fixed during the reign of king Carlo Alberto. Now it was still christmas period so there is a christmas tree. There is one piano that could autoplay music, quite amazing.
At the ground level, there is one chapel. Inside there is one Antonio Bertola Altar which houses the Holy Shroud which is a length of linen cloth bearing the negative image of a man. It was believed that the image depicts Jesus of Nazareth and the fabric is the burial shroud in which he was wrapped after crucifixion. The holy shourd was kept in the central urn from 1694 to 1993.
After the visit of the insides of palace, people could take fresh air at the garden behind the palace. The garden is not large but there is a beautiful fountain here.
After I left the royal palace, I walked sluggishly around the area until I found this building. On the map, it shows that it is the Turin university but it looks like a palace or an art gallery. The design is similar with the gallery in Florence.
In Turin, it is easy to see the top of this building even far away. The tall building Mole Antonelliana is the landmark of this city. It was built in 1863. It now houses the Museo Nazionale del Cinema, and is believed to be the tallest museum in the world. The 2 euro coin use the pattern of this building as well.
在都灵，即使很远的地方也能够很容易看到这座建筑的顶部。这个高耸的建筑 Mole Antonelliana 是这座城市的地标。它建于1863年。现在是国家电影博物馆的所在地，也是世界上最高的博物馆。2欧元硬币就采用了这座建筑的图案。
On the way from train station to the royal palace, there is one small square Piazza San Carlo. There is a monument of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580. He was regarded as the hero of his family since he recovered the savoyard state invaded and occupied by France when he was a child and made Italian the official language in Piedmont.
On the square, there are two churches called San Carlo Borromeo and Santa Cristina. They mirror each other, really a strange idea of design.
This is another palace near the square. It is the regional council of Piemont area. It looks stylish with the ondulating balcony and the arching brim on the window.
This is the end of the trip in Italy for me. For all the tourists travelling between Italy and France, they need to use the tunnel of Fréjus. This fountain is built to memorize the workers who died in the construction.
When I left the fountain, it was late afternoon. I finished this unforgettable trip in Italy lasting 7 days and took the Flixbus back to France. On the way home, I could see the beautiful Alps mountain with snow on the summit among the clouds. It was the last day of 2019. Good luck in the upcoming 2020!