The city of Savoy under Alps

阿尔卑斯山下的萨瓦城

Turin is the city in the south of mountain Alps. It is the last stop before I went back to France. Due to its proximity to the mountain, I could immediately feel the icy chill eating into my bone after I alighted at the Porta Nuova station. When I looked over the Alps mountain, I could perceive the bright morning sun light splattering on the leafs and feel the more fierce coldness from the mountain.

都灵是阿尔卑斯山南麓的城市,是我回法国前的最后一站。此地旁山而立,在Porta Nuova站下车后立刻能感觉到被凛人的寒意肆意侵蚀。清晨远眺雪山,林表明霽色,城中增暮寒。

Menuet Luigi Boccherini
Museo nazionale del Risorgimento

Turin is not a big city. Most of the attractions are in the north of the train station. This is the entrance of the museum of of the Italian Risorgimento. Risorgimento means the political and social movement that consolidates different states of the Italian peninsula into the single unified state in the 19th century.  The museum actually is one part of the Palazzo Carignano from 1878. This is the picture of its façade.

都灵不是个大城市。大多数景点都在火车站的北边。这是意大利Risorgimento博物馆的入口。Risorgimento这个词是指19世纪将意大利半岛的不同国家合并为一个统一国家的政治和社会运动。这座博物馆实际上是1878年卡里尼亚诺宫的一部分。这是它正面的照片。

Palazzo Carignano

This is the rear façade of the Palazzo Carignano. It used to be a private residence of the Princes of Carignano. This is a Baroque style building. From 1848 to 1861 the palace was used as the House of Deputies of the Subalpine Parliament.

这是卡里尼亚诺宫的后面。它以前是卡里尼亚诺王子的私人住所。这是一座巴洛克风格的建筑。从1848年到1861年,这座宫殿曾被用作下阿尔卑斯议会的众议院。

Museo Egizio

This is the Egyptian museum which is close to the Palazzo Carignano. I don’t know why Turin exhibits the Egypt culture. It collects more than 30,000 ancient Egyptian antiquities, like the famous Bembine Tablet, books of the dead, and Papyrus Map. If you are a fan of ancient Egypte, this will be a superb place.

这是靠近卡里尼亚诺宫的埃及博物馆。我不知道为什么都灵会展示埃及文化。它收集了30000多件古埃及文物,如著名的贝姆比碑、亡灵之书和纸莎草地图。如果你是古埃及的爱好者,这里会是一个好地方。

Palazzo Madama

The most famous palaces in Turin are located at Piazza Castello. This is the façade of the Palazzo Madama. There is a scuplture representing the Sardinian troops, erected by Milanese exiles during the triumphant visit to Milan of Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph, 15 January 1857. It was the first Senate of the Italian Kingdom.

都灵最著名的宫殿位于城堡广场。这是马达玛宫的正面照。在1857年1月15日奥地利皇帝弗朗茨·约瑟夫(Franz Joseph)访问米兰期间,米兰流亡者与此建立了一个代表撒丁岛军队的雕塑。这座宫殿是意大利王国的第一个元老院。

This is the rear part connecting to the palace.

这是连接宫殿的后侧。

Palazzo Reale di Torino

On the square, there is another palace, the Palazzo Reale di Torino, which entrance looks very common, not like a royal palace. It is a historic palace of the House of Savoy , a royal dynasty that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region.  The House of Savoy-Carignano led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946. In 1946, the building became the property of the state and was transformed into a museum. In 1997, it was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

城堡广场上还有另一座宫殿,都灵皇宫,它的入口看起来很普通,不像皇宫。这是萨瓦的历史宫殿。萨瓦王朝建于1003年,疆域位于历史悠久的萨瓦地区。萨瓦卡里尼诺家族在1861年领导了意大利的统一,并在1861年到1946年期间统治意大利王国。1946年伊始,这座建筑成为国家财产,并被改造成博物馆。1997年都灵王宫被联合国教科文组织列入世界遗产名录。

This is the staircase connecting the entrance and the Hall of the Swiss guard. There are always many reliefs on the wall in the palace of Italy.

这是连接入口和瑞士卫队大厅的楼梯。意大利皇宫的墙上总是装饰着许多浮雕。

Hall of the Swiss guard

This is the place of transit and reception. The hall rise up two floors and is dominated by a monumental fireplace in polychrome marble and a large painting of the Battle Saint-Quentin by Palma the Younger to celebrate the victory of Emmanuel Philibert. The Battle of Saint-Quentin of 1557 was between the Kingdom of France and the Habsburg empire at Saint-Quentin in Picardy. A Habsburg Spanish force under Duke Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy defeated a French army under the command of Duke Louis Gonzaga and Duke Anne de Montmorency. In the 17th centuary, the room was known as the Hall of Saxon Glory.

这是客人中转和接待的地方,瑞士卫队大厅。大厅足足有两层楼高,占据大厅主位的是一个彩色大理石的壁炉和一幅为庆祝Emmanuel Philibert的胜利而创作的圣昆廷战役的巨画。1557年的圣昆廷之战是法兰西王国和哈布斯堡帝国在皮卡迪的战役。哈布斯堡王朝的西班牙军队在萨瓦的Emmanuel Philibert公爵领导下击败了Louis Gonzaga公爵和Anne de Montmorency公爵指挥的法国军队。在17世纪,这个房间被称为撒克逊人荣耀的大厅。

Chamber of the cuirassiers

Next is the chamber of the cuirassiers. It is called chamber of dignities but in the 17th century, the decoration is destroyed in a fire then the antechamber is named from the military order in charge of the its security, the cuirassier.

下一个是胸甲骑兵室。它以前被称为贵宾室,但在17世纪,它的装饰在一场大火中被摧毁,然后这个前厅便以负责其安全的军人中选名命名为“胸甲骑兵”。

Gallery of armes

This is the most beautiful gallery in the palace. The scupltures of cavalry were standing orderly in two columns. There are many weapons of medieval times like spears, sabers, pistols, panoply of cavalry displayed in the glass-fronted board. We could learn some histories about the battles of medieval at that time.

这是宫殿里最漂亮的长廊,战争长廊。骑兵雕塑整齐地排成两列。这里展览了许多中世纪的武器,如长矛,军刀,手枪,以及陈列在玻璃面板上的全套骑兵装备。我们可以了解一些中世纪战争的历史。

Daniel gallery

This is the other gallery , Daniel Gallery designed by architect Carlo Emanuele Lanfranchi. The decoration here looks like the palace of Versaille with glittering crystal chandeliers and magnificant frescos on the dome.

这是另一个长廊,由建筑师卡洛·伊曼纽尔·兰弗朗奇设计的丹尼尔画廊。这里的装饰看起来很像凡尔赛宫,穹顶上有闪闪发光的水晶枝形吊灯和宏伟的壁画。

Throne room

There are many rooms in the palace. This is the most important room the throne room. It became the room of king from 1831. The color theme in the room is depressing due to the influence of gilded ceiling, red canvas, and the dark light. I don’t like it at all. It is like the scene of The masque of the red death by Edgar Allan Poe.

宫殿里有许多房间。这是最重要的房间,王座室。它从1831年起成为国王的房间。由于镀金的天花板、红色的帷幕和黑暗的光线的影响,房间的色调很沉闷,我一点也不喜欢。就像埃德加·爱伦·坡小说里的红死魔假面舞会的场景一样。

The private audience room

This room has the red color as well, quite monotonous. It was used to hold the wedding before but after some renovation work, it became the private audience room of the king.

这个房间也是红的色调,很单调。它以前是用来举行婚礼的,但经过一些翻新工程后,它变成了国王的私人接待室。

Ballroom

This is the splendid ballroom. The function was fixed during the reign of king Carlo Alberto. Now it was still christmas period so there is a christmas tree. There is one piano that could autoplay music, quite amazing.

这是一个华丽的舞厅。卡洛·阿尔贝托国王统治期间它就确定为皇家舞厅。现在还是圣诞节期间,所以房间里有一棵圣诞树。这里还有一架可以自动播放音乐的钢琴,挺神奇的。

Antonio Bertola Altar

At the ground level, there is one chapel. Inside there is one Antonio Bertola Altar which houses the Holy Shroud which is a length of linen cloth bearing the negative image of a man. It was believed that the image depicts Jesus of Nazareth and the fabric is the burial shroud in which he was wrapped after crucifixion. The holy shourd was kept in the central urn from 1694 to 1993.

在底层,有一个小教堂。教堂里有一座安东尼奥·贝托拉祭坛,里面有一块亚麻布长短的圣衣,上面印着一个人的背面形象。据称这幅背面描绘的就是真主耶稣,那一块织物就是耶稣在十字架被钉死后的裹尸布。从1694年到1993年期间,圣衣一直保存在祭坛中央的瓮中。

After the visit of the insides of palace, people could take fresh air at the garden behind the palace. The garden is not large but there is a beautiful fountain here.

参观宫殿后,游客可以在宫殿后面的花园里呼吸新鲜空气。花园不大,不过有一个美丽的喷泉。

Turin university

After I left the royal palace, I walked sluggishly around the area until I found this building. On the map, it shows that it is the Turin university but it looks like a palace or an art gallery. The design is similar with the gallery in Florence.

离开皇宫后,我在附近信步闲游,邂逅了这座建筑。在地图上,它显示是都灵大学,但它看起来像一座宫殿或一座艺术展厅。设计与佛罗伦萨的展厅相似。

Mole Antonelliana

In Turin, it is easy to see the top of this building even far away. The tall building Mole Antonelliana is the landmark of this city. It was built in 1863.  It now houses the Museo Nazionale del Cinema, and is believed to be the tallest museum in the world. The 2 euro coin use the pattern of this building as well.

在都灵,即使很远的地方也能够很容易看到这座建筑的顶部。这个高耸的建筑 Mole Antonelliana 是这座城市的地标。它建于1863年。现在是国家电影博物馆的所在地,也是世界上最高的博物馆。2欧元硬币就采用了这座建筑的图案。

Piazza San Carlo 

On the way from train station to the royal palace, there is one small square Piazza San Carlo. There is a monument of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580. He was regarded as the hero of his family since he recovered the savoyard state invaded and occupied by France when he was a child and made Italian the official language in Piedmont.

从火车站到皇宫的路上,有一个小广场圣卡罗广场。这里有一座Emmanuel Philibert的纪念碑。他从1553年至1580年期间担任萨瓦公爵。他自小就致力于恢复被法国侵略和占领的萨瓦土地,并使意大利语成为皮埃蒙特的官方语言,他也因此就被视为萨瓦家族的英雄。

San Carlo Borromeo and  Santa Cristina

On the square, there are two churches called San Carlo Borromeo and  Santa Cristina. They mirror each other, really a strange idea of design.

广场上有两座教堂,分别叫圣卡洛·博罗密欧和圣克里斯蒂娜。它们互相对称互成镜像,真是一个奇怪的设计。

Consiglio Regionale del Piemonte – Palazzo Lascaris

This is another palace near the square. It is the regional council of Piemont area. It looks stylish with the ondulating balcony and the arching brim on the window.

这是广场附近的另一座宫殿。它是皮埃蒙特地区的地区委员会。波浪形的阳台和窗户上的拱形边缘看起来很有特点。

Piazza Statuto

This is the end of the trip in Italy for me. For all the tourists travelling between Italy and France, they need to use the tunnel of Fréjus. This fountain is built to memorize the workers who died in the construction.

意大利之行到此戛然而止。对于所有在意大利和法国之间旅行的游客来说,他们需要使用弗雷朱斯隧道。这座喷泉是为了纪念在建筑此隧道中牺牲的工人。

When I left the fountain, it was late afternoon. I finished this unforgettable trip in Italy lasting 7 days and took the Flixbus back to France. On the way home, I could see the beautiful Alps mountain with snow on the summit among the clouds. It was the last day of 2019. Good luck in the upcoming 2020!

当我离开喷泉时,已经是傍晚了。我在意大利为期7天的难忘之旅也就此终了,乘坐Flix 巴士回法国。在回家的路上,我可以看到积雪浮云端的美丽阿尔卑斯山。这是2019年的最后一天。希望在即将到来的2020年好运连连!

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