Christmas trip in Pisa

比萨的圣诞之旅

Pisa is a famous city in the west of Florence. It is well known in the world due to its leaning tower. In the Chistmas of 2019, I just took one hour train from Florence to visit this beautiful town during the christmas.

比萨是佛罗伦萨西部的一个著名城市。它的斜塔天下闻名。2019年圣诞节期间,我从佛罗伦萨坐了一个小时的火车参观了这个美丽的小镇。

Caprice No. 24 For Solo Violin – Paganini
Ponte Solfreno

The city straddles the Arno river. Along the river sides, I could see many old buildings that could be traced back to the medieval times. This is the picture I took on the bridge of Solfreno.

这座城市横跨阿诺河。沿着河边,可以看到许多追溯到中世纪的古老建筑。这是我在索尔弗雷诺桥上拍的照片。

Santa Maria della Spina

At the south bank of river, this small church could be found just near the bridge. It is the Santa Maria della Spina built round 1230 with the Pisan Gothic style. This church is extremely small, even lower than the common 4 level house. Compared with the huge church in Milan and Florence, it looks like a toy.

这座小教堂就在河的南岸的桥边。它是建于1230年左右的圣母玛利亚教堂,是比萨式的哥特风格。这座教堂非常之小, 甚至低于普通的四层住宅。与米兰和佛罗伦萨的巨大教堂相比,它看起来就像个玩具一样。

Ponte di Mezzo

This is another bridge called Ponte di Mezzo. The fluttering flag in the wind is the flag of Tuscany. This is one of the two major bridges connecting both sides of the river.

这是另一座叫Mezzo的桥。风中飘扬的旗帜就是托斯卡纳的区旗。这是连接河流两岸的两座主要桥梁之一。

Piazza del Duomo

The most famous view points are in the square Piazza del Duomo. The square is dominated by four great religious edifices of medieval architecture: the Pisa Cathedral, the Pisa Baptistry, the Campanile, and the Camposanto Monumentale. In 1987, it was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This day is a sunny day in cold winter. At the center of square, I basked in the warm sun light at ease and gazed at the streaming crowds around the bell tower like the King of Tuscany browsing through his citizens.

比萨最著名的景点就是此处的Duomo广场。广场上有四座中世纪的宗教建筑:比萨大教堂、比萨洗礼场、钟楼和坎波桑托纪念碑。在1987年,它被联合国教科文组织列为世界遗产。这是一个晴朗的冬日,在广场中央,我悠闲地沐浴在温暖的阳光下,凝望着钟楼周围川流的人群,就像托斯卡纳国王在巡视着他的臣民一样。

Torre pendente di Pisa

Of course, all the people come here because of the leaning tower which construction could be traced to 1173. M The height of the tower is 55.86 metres from the ground on the low side and 56.67 metres on the high side with nearly 4 degree lean. From my view at the field, it toppled seriously, looks like falling down at any time. This tower is also famous for the story which was taught in the physics class when I was in high school. Galileo Galilei had dropped two cannonballs of different masses from the tower to demonstrate that their speed of descent was independent of their mass. 

当然大家都是因为比萨斜塔慕名而来。斜塔的历史可以追溯到1173年。塔低侧距地55.86米,高侧距地56.67米,倾斜近4度。在我看来,它倾斜得确实很严重,好像顷刻都会坠落下来。这座塔也因初中时在物理课上学的故事而闻名。伽利略从塔上同时扔下了两个不同质量的铅球,以证明它们的下降速度和铅球质量无关。

Battistero di San Giovanni

The Battistero di San Giovanni is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical building in the square. The baptistery was designed by Diotisalvi, whose signature can be read on two pillars inside the building, with the date 1153. Its façade looks elegant with white columns and brown dome. There is an interesting small bronze scuplture on the top of the dome.

圣乔瓦尼洗礼堂是广场上一座罗马式天主教建筑。洗礼堂是由迪奥蒂萨尔维设计的,他1153年的签名依然可以在建筑物内的两根柱子上看到。洗礼堂正面看起来甚是优雅,白色的柱子和棕色的穹顶,穹顶顶部有一个有趣的小青铜浮雕。

Cattedrale Metropolitana Primaziale di Santa Maria Assunta

This cathedral is the Pisa Cathedral. It is a notable example of Romanesque architecture, in particular the style known as Pisan Romanesque. It was built in in 1063. The interesting point of this church is the bronze griffin on the cathedral roof. It seems that the designers of the buildings in Pisa prefered to add some unique elements at the top.

这座大教堂是比萨大教堂。它是典型的罗马风格,也是代表性的比萨式罗马风格。它建于1063年。这座教堂的有趣之处在于大教堂屋顶上的青铜狮鹫。比萨的建筑设计师似乎特别喜欢在顶部添加一些别样元素。

On this square, I could see the city surrounded by the city walls. It is heard that the wall was built in 11 century. The walls were built to protect the cathedral and baptistery from assault of other city state. The visitors could climb on the walls and discover more beauties of this medieval city.

在这个广场上可以看到包围这个城市的城墙。这个城墙建于11世纪。修建它是为了保护大教堂和洗礼堂免受其他城邦的袭击。游客们可以登上城墙,发现更多这座中世纪城市的美。

Bagni di Nerone

When I walked along the city wall, I found this Roman relic near the Porta a Lucca. It is the Baths of Nero, the only Roman remaining still standing in the city. The building on the picture is the laconicum, the dry sweating room.

当我沿着城墙走的时候,我在卢卡门附近发现了这个罗马遗迹。这是尼禄的浴池,它是唯一一个仍然屹立的罗马遗迹。图片上的建筑是古罗马浴室的发汗房。

Chiesa di Santa Caterina d’Alessandria

There are some interesting buildings in Pisa as well that display the art of architecture in the region. This is a church near the roman relic in the picture above. Its name is Chiesa di Santa Caterina d’Alessandria. The design of the façade is similar with the one in Florence.

比萨也有很多展示了该地区建筑艺术的房子。这是上图罗马遗迹附近的一座教堂。它的名字叫圣卡特里娜亚历山大。它正面的设计与佛罗伦萨的教堂非常相似。

Chiesa Nazionale di Santo Stefano dei Cavalieri

This is another church in the Piazza dei Cavalieri called Chiesa Nazionale di Santo Stefano dei Cavalieri which was built in 1565. The façade is similar with the house of Medici family in Florence with white marble column. The bulding has a sculpture on the top of the roof as well. Maybe it is the characteristic style of Tuscany.

这是卡瓦列里广场的另一座教堂,名为圣斯蒂芬骑士教堂,建于1565年。正面与佛罗伦萨的美第奇家族住宅相似,采用白色大理石柱。建筑物的屋顶上也有一个雕塑,也许这就是托斯卡纳地区的特色风格吧。

Palazzo della Carovana

This is the major building in piazza dei Cavalieri. It was built between 1562 and 1564. Now it becomes a school. There are some busts sitting in the niche on the wall of façade. The art of Italien sculpture is always so fantastic. The omniform sculptures are on every building in every place.

这是卡瓦列里广场上的主要建筑。它建于1562年至1564年间,现在变成了一所学校。正面墙上的壁龛里有许多半身像。意大利的雕塑艺术总是那么奇妙,在每个地方的每栋建筑上都有各种各样的雕塑。

Teatro Verdi

Italy is the country famous for the opera. The theater of Verdi is the theater built in 1865. It takes the name from the famous musician Guiseppe Verdi. When I passed the gate, I catched a glimpse of the posters. The opera to be played that day was the Swan lake.

意大利也是以歌剧闻名的国家。这座威尔第剧院是建于1865年的剧院。它的名字来自于著名的音乐家朱赛佩威尔第。当我路过大门时,瞥视了一眼墙上的海报。当天要上演的歌剧居然是《天鹅湖》。

Stazione di Pise

Pisa is a small city and it only takes half day to finish the visit. At four o’clock , I took the train and returned to Florence. The station is decorated with Chistmas tree with still remaining the atmosphere of festival. Although the trip was not as amazing as the one in Florence, it was worth enough to see the old buildings here especially the famous leaning tower. Anyway I will always treasure every place that I have visited.

比萨是一个小城市,只需半天就可以游完。四点钟,我乘火车返回佛罗伦萨。火车站装饰着圣诞树,还弥留了一丝节日的气氛。虽然这次旅行没有像佛罗伦萨那么惊艳,但参观这里的老建筑物特别是赫赫有名的斜塔还是很值得的。不管怎么样我将永远珍惜我曾踏足的每一个地方。

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